Wednesday, March 11, 2015

The Difference Between Lexical Analysis And Syntactical Analysis

What is the difference between lexical analysis and syntactical analysis? Lexical analysis asks the question, "What does a word mean in its context?" Syntactical analysis is almost everything else! When we look at the syntax of a passage in our Greek New Testament, we really are looking at everything. We want to pay attention to tense, aspect, voice, mood, person, number, gender, case, and so on. We want to know why a genitive is used in our passage and how it functions in that context. We want to know why a present imperative is used instead of an aorist, and how it impacts our understanding of what the author intended. Just like words have ranges of meaning, syntactical features have ranges of meaning as well. When we do an analysis of either, we are narrowing down those options until we arrive at the author's original intent.

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