Friday, October 31, 2014

Outside The Library

Cisneros And I

Listening to John 1 In Greek

Here's some college students reading John 1 in Greek. 

Letter Concerning Erasmus

Here is a letter from García de Bobadilla to Cisneros requesting that Erasmus be invited to join the team.

Model Of The Printing Press Used

Copies Of The Polyglot

Pretty cool that I was able to view these without the glass last week :)

Video In The Exhibit

They are playing a video in the exhibit. It features professors and students reading Old and New Testament passages in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Latin.

The Complutense Polyglot Facsimiles

At The Biblioteca De Historia De La Universidad Complutense

Having Breakfast In Front Of Palacio Real

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Listen To Antonio Piñero's Presentation At The Conference In Alcalá de Henares

I've posted Dr. Antonio Piñero's presentation from the conference on the Complutensian Polyglot over at my YouTube page. Click here if you'd like to listen to it. His paper was delivered on the campus of the Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (Spain). The title of the presentation is "La Filología bíblica trilingüe a la luz de la Biblia Políglota Complutense (el gabinete bíblico del cardenal Cisneros; el método de trabajo: la filología humanista, códices y crítica textual; aportaciones al texto bíblico de la Biblia Políglota Complutense)."

*Note: The image below is just a screen grab. Click the link above to go to the video.

Made It Back To Madrid

Getting Ready To Board

Rome Has Beautiful Sunsets!

At The Terminal In Rome

At Airport In Rome

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Final Night In Roma

Well it's the last night in Rome. We had a blast. Walked around and saw some more of the sights. Lived the life of a tourist for one more day. Grabbed some dinner that was out of this world. And now we're winding down. Tomorrow, we head back to Madrid. Believe it or not we just booked our hotel tonight. And we got a wonderful deal on a super nice hotel. Half price on a 5-star hotel. That brought the price down to less than we paid for the hotel that we stayed at last week! On Friday, I'm going to head over to the Complutense University's History Library to see their Complutense Polyglot exhibit. It just got underway today. Unfortunately, I missed the presentations. But, then again, I was in Rome. Who can complain?

Alright, here are some pics! Check out that sunset! You see what I mean? Who can complain?

GA 156 Is

GA 146 is, not, as it is listed on the website of the Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung. Having found two like this in just two days, it's smart to consult the print inventories of Vatican manuscripts first.

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Yes, GA 146 Is

Yep, just went over and checked the catalogue. is the correct shelf number for GA 146 in the Vatican Library.

GA 146 Is

So, GA 146 is apparently, not, as it is listed on the website of the Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung. I'll be 100% sure in about one hour, but is definitely a Greek lexicon, not the Gospel of Matthew and Mark.

Sitting In The Vatican Library

Right now I am in the Vatican Library. I just put in an order for three manuscripts: GA 135 (, GA 141 (, and GA 146 ( If I am able to get access via Muenster's digital collection, that will afford me the opportunity to consult most of the Vatican's manuscripts from afar. In the meantime, however, I'm not complaining that I get to actually view these manuscripts in person!

I have just a few moments before these documents are brought out, so I figure I can jot down some more notes from yesterday. Yesterday when I was viewing the copies of the Complutensian Greek New Testament (CGNT), I noticed lots of things that are interesting. Here is just one.

The first copy of the Vatican CGNT (Stamp.Barb.A.X.1-6 [Vol. 5]). This copy has a stamp on the back side of the title page marked Bibliot Barberina 1637 in all caps. There is what looks like a fly placed center in the stamp. The stamp indicates that this belonged to Francesco Barberina, a 17th century priest and librarian at the Vatican. He spent quite a bit of time in Spain around the time of the stamp. Moving on. The notes on the right side of the column on the page featuring Matt. 2:2 have the same content as the other copies of the CGNT that I've viewed. However, one note is written a little different. Whereas this copy has Johan.7.f., the first CGNT that I consulted in Madrid has the third period in the series superscripted. In addition, the last period in this Vatican copy is smudged rather large, so much that you might mistake it for an a or an e.

Alright my manuscripts just came out. I'll write some more later.

Monday, October 27, 2014

Research At The Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

Today was the big day. The first of four actually. The Vatican Library granted me permission to use their facilities for research I am conducting for my doctoral studies at the Complutense University in Madrid. There is a whole lot to tell you. Lots! Bear with me, though. I am exhausted, and I need to get rested up for a fruitful day tomorrow. Let me give you the top comments, observations, etc.

First, the Vatican staff is excellent. They treat you with the utmost respect and professionalism. Special thanks to Giuseppe, Andreina, and Victoria!

Second, I was not permitted to take pictures inside the library. What does it look like? Well, not like Angels and Demons with Tom Hanks (at least not the part I was in–and I was in a pretty exclusive part of the library). There is rare art all around you while you are doing your research. Feel like taking your eyes off of that rare Greek manuscript you are looking at, and want to take a breather? All you have to do is set your pencil down and look around. But don't look too long! There's work to do!

Third, I was able to view the Vatican's four copies of the Complutensian Greek New Testament. One of them is printed on vellum, the rest on paper. Honestly, I think the Complutense University has more copies that are in better condition. There is the exception of one copy. The best copy I've seen thus far is in the Vatican. The paper is preserved almost perfectly. It is pristine. It's soft, and the pages turn with no resistance whatsoever. I was also able to view a couple of more manuscripts, such as GA 154 (it has the Pericope Adulterae written in the margin). You are only allowed to view 5 manuscripts per day. I'm praying that the Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung grants me full access to their manuscripts for my research. You can pray with me for that! I'd appreciate all the prayers a lot.

Fourth, I did not get a stamp in my passport. :(

Fifth, the Swiss Guards are pretty cool. You wouldn't want to mess with them (I've seen some stuff on the History Channel), but they are extremely nice. Top notch. Multilingual–all the ones I heard.

Sixth, I presented the Vatican with three books. One was my book on Luke 6:40. The other two were Dave Black's Why Four Gospels? and his book on the Pauline authorship for Hebrews. They were very thankful.

Seventh, Lesly was permitted to enter Vatican City with me, but she was not allowed to enter the Library unfortunately.

Eighth, I took my Greek New Testament in with me. Of course!

Walking Around Rome On Monday

My feet are killing me. We literally walked ten miles today. That's a little more than what we've been averaging since being in Europe. But I bet we've walked at least four to five miles each day. Lesly said her feet are killing her too! I bet. I was walking around in my comfy New Balance. Lesly had her boots on.

This afternoon/evening we walked down past the Vatican, past Trevi, past it all, and went to the Colosseum, the Forum, and all the ruins. Sitting down and just looking at history past really does something to you. If you need any evidence that whatever your living for–if it's not the Great Commission (i.e., people)–will one day waste away, all you need is a trip to Rome. It all gets covered up. And it's only curious minds that dig it up later.

All of that leads me to think about how precious the time with Lesly's been this week. I've been so blessed. Walking around with my best friend, seeing places we never thought we'd see, sitting down at the Pantheon because our feet are tired, scooping up some sweet gelato, talking about how wonderful it is to know our Lord Jesus Christ, etc. I wouldn't trade the last 14 days for anything!

Sunday, October 26, 2014